There are simply no gardens that are ideal in terms of relief and conditions. Each site has its disadvantages – elevation differences, specific soil characteristics, or zones with too high groundwater levels. If your garden has a problem area where the soil is swampy or waterlogged, do not rush to lay adequate drainage and change the landscape by artificial methods.
You have a unique chance to equip a truly unusual object – a wet flower bed and a picturesque corner with moisture-loving plants. These are particular crops with luxurious leaves and exceptional flowering.
Relief flaws do not exist.
It is no coincidence that professional landscape designers argue that the concept of terrain imperfections or bad conditions does not exist in principle. Any site feature that is not suitable for standard landscaping is not a source of a headache but unlimited possibilities. After all, we all strive for uniqueness, bright individuality, and if there are problem areas on the site, nature itself provides a chance to create something unusual.
Areas with high humidity are not a problem but a chance.
The most problematic areas are considered to be areas with high, constant humidity and dampness. Of course, such conditions need to be changed by a drainage system for arranging a vegetable garden and an orchard, but this is not necessary for decorative compositions. Moreover, if we are talking only about a minor area or corner of the park.
Such wet gardens are an example of landscape, natural beauty. By choosing the right plants, you can break colourful blooming compositions even in such seemingly unfavourable conditions.
Plant requirements for waterlogged areas
The main requirements for such plants are love for a high level of moisture and no fear of flooding and stagnation of smoke in the soil. They must tolerate well the low oxygen concentration in the ground and withstand flooding and wetting. But no less important is sufficient endurance, frost resistance. After all, the soil saturated with moisture creates specific and more severe conditions, freezing earlier than ordinary garden soil and thawing – much later.
The crops that can settle in waterlogged wetlands in the garden are very different. They are conventionally divided into:
- decorative deciduous, a flowering of which is rather inconspicuous;
- beautifully flowering (but their foliage is also always quite attractive).
You can find your hygrophilous stars among perennials and even among summer ones. But most of the crops are still ranked either as a group of giants (woody and shrubs from viburnum to hydrangeas and maples) or as herbaceous perennials that will adorn such sites for decades.
Plants that can grow in a damp area are suitable for decorating various water bodies and settling in shallow water or a swamp. But some plants are more often used in decorative marshes or wet beds and not in water bodies. Wet flower beds, albeit a rarity, are becoming more widespread and help solve problems without drastic measures and significant funds.